Dmitry Novikov
MAIN BOOKS

Belov M.V.,
Novikov D.A. Optimal Enterprise: Structures, Processes and
Mathematics of Knowledge, Technology and Human Capital. ‑ Boca
Raton: CRC Press, 2021. – 344 p. ISBN 9780367652432 In the
modern world most gross product is created within Enterprise firms; project
programs; state agencies; transnational corporations and their divisions, as
well as various associations and compositions of all of the above entities.
Enterprises being, on the one hand, complex, and, on the other hand,
widespread systems, are in the focus of cybernetics, system theory,
operations research, management sciences and many other fields of knowledge. However, the complexity of the system obstructs the development of
mathematically rigorous foundations for Enterprise control. Moreover, methods
of operations research and related sciences, widely used in practice, provide
optimization of constituents of an Enterprise, without modeling it as a whole
system. But the optimization of parts does not lead to the optimality of the
whole, and also the absence of topdown and holistic mathematical models of
Enterprise contradicts the principle of holism and the system approach. The approach in this book looks firstly at Enterprise Systems, and
their essential aspects, as complex sociotechnical systems composed of integrated
sets of structural and process models (Chapter 1 and 2). A uniform
description of all the heterogeneous fields of the modern Enterprise
(marketing, sales, manufacturing, HR, finance, etc.) is then made and the
Enterprise Control Problem is posed as a topdown and holistic mathematical
optimization problem (Chapter 3). Original models and methods of contract
theory (Chapter 4), technology management (Chapter 5), human behavior and
human capital (Chapter 6), complex activity and resource planning (Chapter 7)
are developed to solve the problem. Structural, processes and mathematical
models constitute Optimal Enterprise Control Framework (Chapter 8) that
provides a practical solution to the Enterprise Control Problem. 


Belov M.V.,
Novikov D.A. Models of Technologies.
 Heidelberg: Springer, 2020. – 113 p. ISBN 9783030310837 The
methodology of complex activity is further elaborated with a set of
interconnected mathematical models that describe the processes of technology
design, adoption and use. The
technology of complex activity and its general models are considered in
Chapter 1. The models of the processes of technology design and adoption are
introduced in Chapter 2. The models of technology management are presented in
Chapter 3. Finally, the analytical complexity and errors of solving
technology design/optimization problems are estimated in Chapter 4. This book
is addressed to experts and researchers interested in the general principles
of activity organization and control of complex organizational and technical
systems. 


Belov M.V., Novikov D.A. Methodology of Complex Activity: Foundations of
Understanding and Modelling. ‑ Heidelberg: Springer, 2020. – 290 p. ISBN 9783030486099 This book
develops and describes a general methodology that can be applied to any
complex human activity (activity with a nontrivial, multilevel internal
structure). The
structural components of complex activities are considered, and their
logical, causeandeffect, and process structures are functionally described.
Considerable attention is paid to organization and management, uncertainties,
and the lifecycles of activities, as well as the actors, subject matter,
resources, knowledge, and methods involved. Several
typical examples are used throughout the text to illustrate the
implementation of common approaches involving the functioning of work groups,
organizational units, projects, and organizations in general: a retail bank,
an aircraft manufacturer, a fire department, and a nuclear power
plant. In addition, the book employs a system of connected technical
models, in order to ensure that the results are of practical applicability
for both experts on the ground and scholars engaged in research on the
general principles of how activities (practical, scientific, etc.) are
organized or on the management of sociotechnical systems. 


Ashimov A., Borovskiy Y.,
Novikov D., Sultanov B., Onalbekov M. Macroeconomic Analysis and
Parametric Control of a Regional Economic Union. ‑ Heidelberg:
Springer, 2020. – 361 p. ISBN 9783030322045 This book is
a further development of the theory of parametric control. It includes:
numerical methods of testing (verification) of software implementation of
mathematical models by assessing the stability of mappings defined by the
model; sufficient conditions for the existence of the solutions of some types
of problems of dynamic optimization; the existence of continuous dependence
of optimal values of criteria on exogenous functions and parameters; and the
existence of points of bifurcation of extremals of such problems. It
demonstrates that this theory offers a constructive methodology for
middleterm forecasting, macroeconomic analysis and estimation of optimal
values of economic characteristics on the basis of advanced global
mathematical models, namely Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model,
Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) Model, and Hybrid Econometric
model. In addition, it includes conditions for the applicability of the
computational experiments’ results, into practice. 


Chkhartishvili A.G., Gubanov D.A., Novikov D.A. Social
Networks: Models of Information Influence, Control and Confrontation. ‑
Heidelberg: Springer, 2019. – 194 p.
ISBN 9783030054298
This book surveys the wellknown results and
also presents a series of original results on the mathematical modeling of
social networks, focusing on models of informational influence, control and
confrontation. Online social networks are intended for
communication, opinion exchange and information acquisition for their
members, but recently, online social networks have been intensively used as
the objects and means of informational control and an arena of informational
confrontation. They have become a powerful informational influence tool, particularly
for the manipulation of individuals, social groups and society as a whole, as
well as a battlefield of information warfare (cyberwars). This book aimed at under and
postgraduate university students as well as experts in information technology
and modeling of social systems and processes. 


Breer V.V.,
Novikov D.A., Rogatkin A.D. Mob Control: Models of Threshold
Collective Behavior. Heidelberg: Springer, 2017. – 159 p. ISBN 9783319518640 The book is
dedicated to mathematical models of mob control with threshold (conformity)
collective decisionmaking of the agents. Based on
the analysis results of the interconnection between the micro and macromodels of active network structures, the static
(deterministic, stochastic and gametheoretic) and dynamic (discrete and
continuoustime) models of mob control are considered. Much attention is
given to models of informational confrontation. Many results are applicable
not only to mob control problems, but also to control problems arising in
social groups, online social networks, etc. The book
is intended to the researchers and practitioners, as well as the
undergraduate and postgraduate students, doctoral candidates specializing in
the field of collective behavior modeling. 


Novikov D.A.
Cybernetics: from Past to Future. ‑
Heidelberg: Springer, 2016. – 107 p. ISBN 9783319273969 This book
is a concise navigator across the history of cybernetics, its
stateoftheart and prospects. The evolution of cybernetics (from N. Wiener
to the present day) and the reasons of its ups and downs are presented. The
correlation of cybernetics with the philosophy and methodology of control, as
well as with system theory and systems analysis is clearly demonstrated. The book presents a detailed analysis focusing on the modern trends of
research in cybernetics. A new development stage of cybernetics (the
socalled cybernetics 2.0) is discussed as a science on general regularities
of systems organization and control. The author substantiates the topicality
of elaborating a new branch of cybernetics, i.e. organization theory which
studies an organization as a property, process and system. The book is intended for theoreticians and practitioners, as well as
for students, postgraduates and doctoral candidates. In the first place, the
target audience includes tutors and lecturers preparing courses on
cybernetics, control theory and systems science. 


GameTheoretic Models in Mathematical Ecology / Editors: V. Mazalov, D.
Novikov, G. Ougolnitsky, L. Petrosyan.
– New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2015. – 132 p. ISBN 9781634834896 The idea
of this book is to demonstrate the tendency of modern research in
mathematical ecology using the optimal control theory and gametheoretic
methods. The book introduces the modelling of environmental systems through
conceptual gametheoretic models, showing the importance of the equilibrium
behavior under resource extraction. Using discrete and continuous models of
biological and physical processes, the behavior of ecologicaleconomic
systems is represented by models with analytic or numerical solutions. A range
of mathematical methods including analytic and approximate methods for
equilibrium definition, cooperative and collective behavior determination are
used to explore such models. The main feature of the presented investigations
is characterized by time consistent, stabilized, collective and cooperative
concepts in ecologicaleconomic systems. This book is recommended for
researchers and postgraduate students of management, economic and in the
applied mathematics departments. 


New Frontiers in Information and Production Systems
Modeling and Analysis – Incentive Mechanisms, Competence Management,
Knowledgebased Production / Series
“Intelligent Systems Reference Library”. Ed. by P. Rozewsky,
D. Novikov, O. Zaikin, N. Bakhtadze. – Berlin: Springer, 2016. – 268 p. P. 35 ‑
57. ISBN 9783319233376 This book
demonstrates how to apply modern approaches to complex system control in
practical applications involving knowledgebased systems. The dimensions of
knowledgebased systems are extended by incorporating new perspectives from
control theory, multimodal systems and simulation methods. The book
is divided into three parts: theory, production system and information system
applications. One of its main focuses is on an agentbased approach to
complex system analysis. Moreover, specialized forms of knowledgebased
systems (like elearning, social network, and production systems) are
introduced with a new formal approach to knowledge system modelling. The book,
which offers a valuable resource for researchers engaged in complex system
analysis, is the result of a unique cooperation between scientists from
applied computer science (mainly from Poland) and leading system control
theory researchers from the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences. 


Novikov D., Chkhartishvili A.
Reflexion and Control: Mathematical Models. – ISBN 9781138024731 This book
is dedicated to modern approaches to mathematical modeling of reflexive
processes in control. The authors consider reflexive games that describe the
gametheoretical interaction of agents making decisions based on a hierarchy
of beliefs regarding (1) essential parameters (informational reflexion), (2) decision principles used by opponents
(strategic reflexion), (3) beliefs about beliefs,
and so on. Informational and reflexive equilibria in reflexive games
generalize a series of wellknown equilibrium concepts in noncooperative
games and models of collective behavior. These models allow posing and
solving the problems of informational and reflexive control in
organizational, economic, social and other systems, in military applications,
etc. (the interested reader will find in the book over 30 examples of
possible applications in these fields) and describing uniformly many
psychological/sociological phenomena connected with reflexion,
viz., implicit control, informational control via the mass media, reflexion in chess, art works, etc. The present book is
intended for experts in decision making and control of systems of an
interdisciplinary nature, as well as for undergraduates and postgraduates. 


Ashimov A., Sultanov B., Adilov Z.,
Borovskiy Y., Novikov D., Alshanov R., Ashimov As. Macroeconomic Analysis and Parametric
Control of a National Economy. – ISBN: 9781461444596 This is a
sequel to the book by Dr. A. Ashimov and his
colleagues, Macroeconomic Analysis and Economic Policy Based on
Parametric Control. The authors
have expanded both the developed mathematical apparatus and the scope of
problems and applications stemming from the practice of steering a national
economy of a small country in the dynamic environment of the international
economic order. The developed theoretical foundation is used in Chapter
1 to suggest a decision support system operating in the framework of state
economic policy making. Chapter 2 presents various mathematical models built
on the basis of the available statistical data and provides quality
assessment of these models. Parametric control problems are being formulated
on the basis of these models as problems of mathematical programming, and the
obtained solutions are subjected to analyses and interpretations. This is
demonstrated by the analysis of the effect of uncontrollable factors on the
problem solutions. Chapter 3 is aimed at the modelling and analysis of cyclic
phenomena in economics and their structural stability. Chapter 4 presents
solutions of specific problems of national economy and analysis and
interpretation of their solutions. In summary, the authors formulate
comprehensive mathematical models of some critical mechanisms in micro
economics previously known only on a qualitative level. They provide vigorous
mathematical analysis of the models that justifies their applicability for
the formulation of parametric control problems, and the existence of
modelbased solutions. The complexity of the resultant problems is addressed
by the formulation of the appropriate algorithms. The described methodology
leads to the development of computerbased decision support systems. 


Novikov D. Control Methodology. – ISBN 9781624179624 The book focuses on the basics of control
methodology as the theory of control activity organization. This is done
using the framework of systems analysis in the logic of modern (projecttechnological
and knowledgebased) types of organizational culture. Consideration of the
psychological, sociological, philosophical, ethical and aesthetical
foundations of control methodology; characteristics, logical and temporal
structures of control activity as well as the general structure of control
theory and its components, give to the reader a detailed panoramic picture of
modern control theory foundations. The book allows the researcher (or the
manager) not only to realize what he is doing in his everyday activity, but
to improve and optimize this activity, as well as the activity of his
colleagues and subordinates. 


Ashimov A., Sultanov B., Adilov Z.,
Borovskiy Y., Novikov D., Nizhegorodtsev R., Ashimov As. Macroeconomic Analysis and Economic
Policy Based on Parametric Control. – ISBN: 9781461411529 Problems of
macroeconomic analysis and the participation of the state in control of
market economic development were critically revealed by the latest global
economic crisis in 2007–2009. This work
presents the elements of parametric control theory, as well as some results
in the context of the aforementioned problems based on ADAS, IS, LM, IS–LM ,
IS–LMBP mathematical models and the models of Keynes alleconomic
equilibrium, open economy of a small country, market cycles, and computable
models of general equilibrium. The
materials of this book to a certain extent allow estimating the versions of
recommendations on stabilizing acyclic economic policy and choosing state
policy in the area of economic growth. 


Mechanism Design and Management: Mathematical Methods for Smart
Organizations / Ed. by Prof. D.
Novikov. – New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2013. – 163 p. ISBN 9781626186095 Mechanism
Design (MD) is a branch of game theory which deals with conflict situations
involving a principal and a set of active agents (usually in the presence of
asymmetric information). Mechanism design theory delivers a solution to many
management problems in the form of a control mechanism, (i.e., a formalised routine of decisionmaking). Formal results of
MD can change the fundamentals of managerial practice by introducing
decisionmaking mechanisms in organisations, which
are efficient and robust with respect to employees selfserving behaviour. The proposed book seeks a more intensive
application of MD methodology and its formal results in organisations.
The main aim of the book is to provide readers with the basics of an MDbased
view on managerial problems, so that intrafirm policies can be analysed through the looking glass of employees behavioural response. A systematic introduction of the
underlying MD methodology is combined with a collection of readytouse
mechanisms for solving typical management problems. The use of MD by
individual managers is facilitated by bringing together mathematical and
business literature in a single treatise. This book is not a purely academic
monograph as it contains as few formulas as possible, and no formal proofs
(references to formal results are provided throughout the text). Courses on
MD for managers are not common in business schools now, and our book
represents the perfect material for such a course. 


Gubanov D., Korgin N.,
Novikov D., Raikov A. EExpertise: Modern Collective
Intelligence. – Heidelberg: Springer, 2014. – 150 p.
ISBN 9783319067698 This book focuses on organization and
mechanisms of expert decisionmaking support using modern information and
communication technologies, as well as information analysis and collective
intelligence technologies (electronic expertise or simply eexpertise). Chapter 1 (EExpertise) discusses the
role of eexpertise in decisionmaking processes. The procedures of
eexpertise are classified, their benefits and shortcomings are identified,
and the efficiency conditions are considered. Chapter 2 (Expert Technologies and
Principles) provides a comprehensive overview of modern expert technologies.
A special emphasis is placed on the specifics of eexpertise. Moreover, the
authors study the feasibility and reasonability of employing wellknown
methods and approaches in eexpertise. Chapter 3 (EExpertise: Organization and
Technologies) describes some examples of uptodate technologies to perform
eexpertise. Chapter 4 (Trust Networks and Competence
Networks) deals with the problems of expert finding and grouping by
information and communication technologies. Chapter 5 (Active Expertise) treats the
problem of expertise stability against any strategic manipulation by experts
or coordinators pursuing individual goals. The book addresses a wide range of
readers interested in management, decisionmaking and expert activity in
political, economic, social and industrial spheres. 


Burkov V., Goubko M., Korgin N., Novikov D. Introduction to Theory of Control in Organizations. – ISBN 9781498714235 This book
explains how the methodology of systems analysis and mathematical methods of
control theory (including game theory and graph theory) can be applied to the
area of organizational management. The theory presented extends the
traditional approach of management science by introducing the optimization
and gametheoretical tools for systematic accounting of the special nature of
a human being as a control object. The authors use formal methods to
construct robust and efficient decisionmaking procedures. 


Novikov A., Novikov D. Research Methodology: From Philosophy of
Science to Research Design. – Amsterdam, CRC Press, 2013. – 130 p. ISBN 9781138000308 The book distinguishes itself from many other works devoted to research
methodology and the philosophy of science in its integrated approach towards
scientific research, which is regarded as the scientific project on all
levels–from philosophy of science to research design. This work studies the
basics of the methodology of scientific research and the organization of
scientific activity from the viewpoint of systems science and system
analysis. The book discusses the basics of the
methodology including philosophical, psychological, epistemological and
ethical/aesthetical foundations, the characteristics of scientific activity,
including principles of scientific cognition, the means and methods of
scientific research, the organization of a research implementation process
and its chronological structure and finally, the organization of a collective
scientific research design. The work should be of interest to
researchers, students and professionals in the fields of systems science,
cybernetics, systems engineering, philosophy of science and project
management, as well as to specialists of applied activity in the fields of
operations research, programming, mathematical modeling of decisionmaking in
organizations and economics. 


Burkov V., Novikov D., Shchepkin A.
Control Mechanisms for
EcologicalEconomic Systems. ‑ Berlin: Springer,
2015. – 174 p. ISBN 9783319109145 This monograph presents and analyzes the optimization, gametheoretic
and simulation models of control mechanisms for ecologicaleconomic systems. It is devoted
to integrated assessment mechanisms for total risks and losses, penalty
mechanisms, risk payment mechanisms, financing and costs compensation
mechanisms for risk level reduction, sales mechanisms for risk level quotas,
audit mechanisms, mechanisms for expected losses reduction, economic
motivation mechanisms, optimization mechanisms for regional environmental
(risk level reduction) programs, and mechanisms for authorities' interests
coordination. The book is
aiming at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as at experts in
mathematical modeling and control of ecological economic, socioeconomic and
organizational systems. 


Novikov D. Theory of Control in Organizations. – ISBN 9781624177941 The theory presented in the book deals with methodological and
mathematical foundations of control in organizations. It extends the
traditional approach of management science by introducing the optimization
and gametheoretical tools for systematic accounting of the special nature of
human beings as a control object (e.g. opportunism, selfish behavior,
information manipulation). Formal methods are used to construct robust and
efficient decisionmaking procedures (the, so called, mechanisms), to support
all aspects and stages of management activity (planning, organization,
motivation, and monitoring), over all decision horizons, from operational to
strategic management. This book reflects modern state of the art theory of
control in organizations and is intended for advanced graduate students
specializing in management sciences and in applications of control theory and
operations research in business administration. 